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Cours Python

  1. Introduction à Python
  2. Ide Python
  3. Premier programme Python
  4. Les variables en Python
  5. Les commentaires en Python
  6. Les opérateurs Python
  7. Les fonctions en Python
  8. Structure If else... Python
  9. For While Python
  10. Formatage des chaines Python
  11. Les listes en Python
  12. Les tuples en Python
  13. Les dictionnaires en Python
  14. Les ensembles en Python
  15. POO et classes en Python
  16. Héritage en Python
  17. Les exceptions en Python
  18. Le gestionnaire des packages pip
  19. Télécharger le cours complet
  20. Les modules en Python
  21. Le module OS
  22. Module datetime Python
  23. Le module Platform
  24. Le module virtualenv
  25. Le Module PyInstaller
  26. Le module googletrans
  27. Les fichiers en Python
  28. Les fichiers ouverture & lecture
  29. Les fichiers ouverture & écriture
  30. Les fichiers CSV en Python
  31. Les Fichiers JSON En Python
  32. Fichier de configuration .ini
  33. Python & SQLite database
  34. DB Browser for SQLite
  35. Interface Graphique Tkinter
  36. Les Windgets Tkinter
  37. Bibliothèque d'images PILLOW
  38. Module de style tkinter.ttk
  39. Liste déroulante ttk Combobox
  40. le module filedialog
  41. Projet: Création éditeur de texte
  42. Bibliothèque graphique wxPython
  43. Bibliothèque graphique PyQt5
  44. Télécharger le cours complet
  45. Le module Math
  46. La bibliothèque matplotlib
  47. Le module Python statistics
  48. Bibliothèque Sympy
  49. Bibliothèques Numpy
  50. Bibliothèques Scipy
  51. Bibliothèques Pandas
  52. Bibliothèques Scikit Learn
  53. Bibliothèques TensorFlow
  54. Python Machine Learning
  55. Introduction à Django
  56. Installation de Django
  57. Premier Projet Django
  58. Interface administrateur
  59. Créer une application django
  60. Les modèles de django
  61. Templates Django
  62. Les formulaires Django
  63. Fichiers Statiques Django
  64. Upload des fichiers django
  65. Systeme Pagination Django
  66. Exercices Python: les bases
  67. Arithmétiques en Python
  68. Exercices Python: les classes
  69. Exercices sur les dictionnaires
  70. Exercices Python: les fichiers
  71. Tous les TP Python
  72. Création Editeur de Texte en Python Partie1
  73. Carnet d'adresse en Python
  74. Formation Python-partie1

Cours Java

Développement Web

  1. Introduction au langage HTML
  2. Structure d'un document HTML
  3. Mise en forme d’un document HTML
  4. Liens hypertexte
  5. Insertion d’images
  6. Les attributs de la balise BODY
  7. Les tableaux HTML
  8. Les listes HTML
  9. Les Frames HTML
  10. Les formulaires HTML
  11. Les caractères spéciaux HTML
  12. Ressources et références HTML
  13. Exercices HTML avec correction
  1. Introduction au langage CSS
  2. Propriétés d'un sélecteur
  3. La propriété Text CSS
  4. La propriété background CSS
  5. La propriété Font CSS
  6. La propriété border CSS
  7. Propriétés margin et padding
  8. Propriétés Height & Width
  9. Class et les ID CSS

Javascript Basique
  1. Introduction au langage Javascript
  2. Variables, fonctions et operateurs Javascript
  3. Les structures de contrôle et les boucles Javascript
  4. Les événements Javascript
  5. Le modèle Objet du Javascript
  6. L'objet array Javascript
Framework JQuery
  1. Introduction au Framework jQuery
  2. Premier pas avec le framework jQuery
  3. Les Sélecteurs jQuery
  1. Introduction au langage PHP
  2. Premier programme php
  3. Variables et Fonctions php
  4. Opérateurs arithmétiques et logiques
  5. Les structures de contrôle en php
  6. Les tableaux en php
  7. Control des formulaires en php
  8. Upload des fichiers en php
  9. Gestion des dossiers et des fichiers en php
  10. Colorisation syntaxique en php
  11. Cookies php
  12. Les variables globales php
  13. Sessions php
  14. Les variables php d’environnement
  15. Les classes et la poo php
  16. La librairie php_gd2 des images
  17. Lecture d’un fichier xml en php
  18. Les expressions régulières en php
  19. Moteurs de template php : smarty et fast temp…
  1. Langage MySql
  2. Introduction au langage MySql
  3. Installation du Serveur MySql
  4. Manipulation des bases de donnée MySql
  5. Manipulation desTables MySql
  6. Insértion de données MySql
  1. Installation Wordpress
  2. Modification du theme Wordpress
  3. Installation d'un plugin
  4. Gestion des catégories
  5. Gestion des articles
  6. Gestion des menus Wordpress
  7. Gestion des pages
  8. Gestion des Plugins
  9. Gestion des Widgets
  10. Gestion des Médias
  11. Gestion des commentaires
  12. Création formulaire de contact
  13. Outil Importation & exportation
  14. Gestion des extensions
  15. Réglage et paramètres
  1. Introduction à Joomla
  2. Installation Joomla
  3. Architecture de Joomla

Base de données

Math Pour Informatique

TICE & Multimédias

Utilisateurs en ligne

Users: 42 Guests, 2 Bots

Annonces Google

Python & Javascript pour les nuls !




The graphics card is a vital performance component of your computer, particularly if you play 3D games, or work with graphics and video content. The graphics card sits in an expansion card slot in your PC and it is specifically designed to process image data and output it to your monitor, enabling you to see it. A graphics card works by calculating how images appear, particularly 3D images, and renders them to the screen. 3D images and video images take a lot of processing capacity, and many graphics processors are complex, require fans to cool them and need direct power supply. The graphics card consists of a graphics processor, a memory chip for graphics operations, and a RAMDAC for display output. It may also include video capture, TV output and SLI and other functions.

Graphics Cards

What are your needs?

The first decision you need to make is whether you need a graphics card for handling 3D images or whether you are simply requiring 2D image rendering. For 2D requirements, you need only a low-cost solution. In many cases, an integrated graphics solution will suffice for 2D applications.

However with 3D graphics, the performance of the graphics card will impact directly on the frame rate and image quality of 3D programs and games. The differences between the low and high-end cards can be substantial, both in cost and performance.

Rendering 3D graphics is like lighting a stage, both the geometry of the shapes in question and the lighting of it need to be taken into account. The geometry of an image calculates the parts of an object that can and can’t be seen, the position of the eye and its perspective. The lighting is a calculation of the direction of the light sources, their intensities and the respective shadows that occur. The second part to presenting a 3D image is the rendering of colours and textures to the surfaces of the objects, and modifying them according to light and other factors.

Most modern graphics cards include a small microchip called the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), which are provide the algorithms and memory to process complex images. They reduce the workload of the main CPU, and provide faster processing. Different graphics cards have different capabilities in terms of processing power. They can render and refresh images up to 60 or more times per second, calculate shadows quickly, create image depth by rendering distant objects at low resolution, modify surface textures fluidly and eliminate pixelation.

What Specifications to Consider

Processor clock speed

This impacts on the rendering capability of the GRU. The clock speed itself is not the critical factor. Rather it is the per-clock performance of the graphics processor, which is indicated by the number of pixels it can process per clock cycle.

Memory size

This is the memory capacity that is used exclusively for graphics operations, and can be as much as 512MB. The more demanding your graphics applications are, the better you will be served with more memory on your graphics card.

16-32M

64M

128M

256M

512M

640M and more

Memory bandwidth

One thing that can slow down 3D graphics performance is the speed at which the computer delivers information to the graphics processor. A higher bandwidth means a faster data transfer, resulting in faster rendering speeds.

Shader model

DirectX Shader Models allows developers control over the appearance of an image as it is rendered on screen, introducing visual effects like multi-layered shadows, reflection and fog.

Fill rate

This is the speed at an image can be rendered or “painted”. This rate is specified in texels per second, the number of 3D pixels that can be painted per second. A texel is a pixel with depth (3D). The fill rate comes from the combined performance of the clock speed of the processor and the number of pixels it can process per clock cycle, and will tell you how quickly an image can be fully rendered on screen.

Vertices/triangles

Graphics chips don’t work on curves, rather they process flat surfaces. A curve is created by multiple flat planes arranged to look like a curve. 3D objects are created with multiple triangular surfaces, sometimes hundreds or even thousands, tessellated to represent the curves and angles of the real world. 3D artists are concerned with the number of polygons required to form a shape. There are two different types of specification: vertices per second (I.e., angles the triangles), and triangles per second. To compare one measure with the other, you have to take into account the fact that adjacent triangles share vertices.

Anti-aliasing

A technique used to smooth images by reducing the jagged stepping effect caused by diagonal lines and square pixels. Different levels of anti-aliasing have different effects on performance.

RAMDAC

The Random Access Memory Digital to Analogue Converter takes the image data and converts it to a format that your screen can use. A faster RAMDAC means that the graphics card can support higher output resolutions. Some cards have multiple RAMDACs allowing that card to support multiple displays.

TV-out

Some graphics cards provide the option to connect a television via either a composite (RCA) or S-Video connector. TV Out

S-video Out

S-video In and S-video Out (VIVO)

YPbPr Connection for HDTV

DVI

Some graphics cards include a connector for DVI monitors, handy because a lot of LCD screens support DVI. DVI offers better image quality than the standard VGA connector.

Dual-head

Dual-head is a term used when two monitors are used side by side, stretching your desktop across both.

SLI (Scalable Link Interface.)

With SLI you can couple two graphics cards in your computer, enabling each card to take half the rendering thereby doubling the performance.

When considering your graphics card, it pays to think about how much you need your computer to process your graphics output. Using a high end graphics card with a high pixels per clock rating, large memory, fast processor and other features means that you can run the latest games efficiently, or work in intensive graphics development.

Different Models

While there are many vendors of graphics cards, there are actually only two major manufacturers of chips for graphics cards. Nearly every graphics card on the market features a chip manufactured by either ATI or Nvidia. Cards using the same graphics chip will perform roughly the same as each other. However, even though they use the same chip, some feature slightly higher clock speeds, as well as manufacturer guaranteed overclocking-an even higher clock speed than that specified. Other factors that will influence your decision should include the amount of memory a card has (128MB, 256MB, 512MB) and its additional features, such as TV-Out and dual-screen support.


Author Bio

Andrew Gates is a writer for comparison online shopping service – http://www.myshopping.com.au , MyShopping.com.au helps you compare video cards and buy online from top-rated online stores.


Use the search facilities at Myshopping.com.au to compare the features, prices and vendors of graphics cards.


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